On Friday, the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC), the central government’s internet censor, published a draft policy framework that is setting out to regulate blockchain-related service providers in the country.
The draft policy is called “The Regulation for Managing Blockchain Information Services” and is looking for public feedback before it can take effect.
The regulation, if enacted, would apply to any entity that is regarded as a blockchain information service provider operating in China, and would be one of the first rules specifically for governing the blockchain industry in the country.
The CAC defines in the draft that blockchain information service providers are “entities or nodes” that offer information services to the public – meaning “both institutions and individuals” – using blockchain technology, and via desktop sites or mobile apps.
In the draft, the CAC requires blockchain service providers to register with the agency within 10 days after it starts to offer products to the public.
The proposed draft orders that blockchain startups must register their names, service types, industry fields, and server addresses with the CAC. This information shall become publicly available and the CAC will conduct reviews on a yearly basis.
The CAC does not draw a clear line as to what types of blockchain startups should fall under its definition, and some industry experts in China said this regulation could have an impact on supernodes of certain blockchain networks.
Jiang Zhuo’er, founder of the BTC.TOP mining pool, published his views via a Weibo post over the weekend on the policy draft:
“For example, each of the 21 supernodes of the EOS network is operated by a company or an individual. As such, they must be fully compliant (with this regulation).”
Blockchain service providers in certain highly regulated fields in the country such as news reporting, publishing, education, and pharmaceutical must also obtain licenses from relevant authorities prior to their registrations with the CAC.
Also notably, service providers under the proposed rules are not allowed to use blockchain technology to “produce, duplicate, publish, and disseminate” information or content that is prohibited by Chinese laws.
The proposed draft also requires blockchain information service providers to enforce know-your-customer (KYC) measures by gathering users’ national identification numbers or their mobile phone numbers.
“Service providers must store the logs and content published by users of their blockchain services for six months and provide this information to law enforcement when required,” – the draft policy proposed.
The public will have until November 2 to submit comment before the draft policy goes on to the next step.